Big Ideas Simply Explained. ISBN An innovative and accessible guide to the world s religions. The Religions Book clearly explains the key. The Religions compwalsoihassre.cf - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. DK LONDON produced for DK by First American Edition, Editorial Reviews. Review. "[The Big Ideas Simply Explained books] are beautifully illustrated Similar books to The Religions Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained; Due to its large file size, this book may take longer to download.
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DK - The Religions Book - dokument [*.pdf] RELIGIONSBOOK THE RELIGIONSBOOK THE LONDON, NEW YORK, MELBOURNE, MUNICH, AND DELHI DK. Surveying the world's religions, from Buddhism to Zoroastrianism, and providing succinct yet thought-provoking insight into the philosophy and practices. Read The Religions Book PDF - by DK DK | Surveying the world's religions, from Buddhism to Zoroastrianism, and providing succinct yet.
Be the first to like this. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Book Details Author: DK Pages: Hardcover Brand: Description Surveying the world's religions, from Buddhism to Zoroastrianism, and providing succinct yet thought-provoking insight into the philosophy and practices of each,The Religions Book is ideal for anyone seeking to gain a better understanding of the world's religions.
With intriguing artwork, flow charts, and diagrams, complex world religions are made accessible in this comprehensive guide.
The Religions Book is also perfect for religion and philosophy students. If you want to download this book, click link in the next page 5. These other worlds are full of spirits, too, as both humans and animals have undying souls. These people can enlist the help of the spirits to ask for game or good weather for us, or cure us when we are ill.
There are some special people who can visit the worlds in which these spirits live. Their religion can be reconstructed from historical sources as well as Mankind does not end its existence because sickness or some other accident kills its animal spirit down here on earth. We live on. Sami shamans, or noaidi, could inherit their calling or be chosen directly by the spirits.
In some other cultures, those chosen to be shamans often experienced a period of intense illness and stress, as well as visionary episodes in which they might be killed and then brought back to life. Shamans are often said to become the animal they imitate; this occurs through a process of interior transformation rather than by visible, exterior change. Three things helped the Sami shaman enter a trance. Some of these drums survive, although many were burned by Christian missionaries.
After taking the mushroom, the shaman would fall into a trance and become rigid and immobile, as if dead. As well as subduing storms and acting as healers, they also mediated between the human world and the spirits of the earth, air, and sea.
The Religions Book
A shamanic seance was always held in subdued light, in a snow hut or a tent. The shaman would summon his helping spirits by singing special songs. After falling into a trance, he would speak in a voice that was not his own—most often in a deep, resonant bass, but sometimes in a shrill falsetto. While in this trance state, the shaman could send his soul up into the sky to visit Tatqiq, the moon man, who was thought to bring fertility to women and good luck in hunting.
If he was pleased with the offerings the shamans made to him, he would reward them with animals.
When the moon was not visible in the sky, the Netsilik believed that he had gone hunting for animals to feed the dead. Into the sky, under the sea because those responsible for waking them with a spell had forgotten the magic words. A journey to the upper world of Saivo would be undertaken in order to plead for game or for help of some other kind; a journey to the underworld of Jabmeaymo would be made to fetch back the soul of a sick person.
This could only be done after the mistress of the underworld had been placated with offerings. The shamans were able to communicate with the spirits in the upper and lower worlds because their shamanic training involved learning the secret language of the spirits.
The Netsilingmiut Netsilik Inuit shamans—an Arctic culture, from present-day Canada west of Hudson Bay —had similar religious According to one Netsilik account, one day the great shaman Kukiaq was trying to catch seals from a breathing hole in the ice.
He gazed Everything comes from Nuliayuk—food and clothes, hunger and bad hunting, abundance or lack of caribou, seals, meat, and blubber. It hovered above his head and transformed into a whalebone sledge. The driver, Tatqiq, gestured to Kukiaq to join him, and whisked him off to his house in the sky.
The entrance of the house moved like a chewing mouth, and in one of the rooms the sun was nursing a baby. So he slid back to earth on a moonbeam, landing safely at the very same breathing hole he had left from.
Sometimes, however, the Netsilik shamans would send their souls down to visit Nuliayuk also known as Sedna , the mistress of sea and land animals, at the bottom of the ocean. Nuliayuk possessed the power to either withhold or release the seals on which the Netsilik depended for food and clothing. When the Netsilik broke any of her strict taboos, she would imprison the seals.
However, if the shamans ventured down to her watery underworld to braid her hair, she was usually appeased and would release the seals into the open sea.
The shamanic tradition of the Netsiliks lasted into the s and s. A Netsilik shaman might have several helping spirits. Au recalled a period in his life when he sought solitude, was deeply melancholic, and would sometimes weep uncontrollably. Then, one day, a feeling of immense, inexplicable joy overcame him. But I was a shaman. Food shortages follow; the Baigas say that the Kali Yuga, the age of darkness, has begun.
T he Baiga are one of the indigenous tribal peoples of central India, collectively known as the Adivasis. The Baigas, who call themselves the sons and daughters of Dharti Mata, Mother Earth, believe that they were created to be the guardians of the forest—a task they have carried out since the beginning of time.
You must guard the earth. Bhagavan told them that they should take care of the earth to keep the nails in place, promising them a simple but contented life in return. The Baiga followed the example of Nanga Baiga, hunting freely in the forest and considering themselves lords of the animals. Believing it wrong to tear the body of Mother Earth with a plow, they practiced a form of slash-andburn agriculture known as bewar although always leaving the stump of a saj tree for the gods to dwell in , moving every three years to a new patch of forest.
They were permitted to practice bewar only in the reservation of Baiga Chak in the Mandla Hills. In one version of the Maori myth, the forest god Tane grew up between and separated his parents—Rangi, the sky god, and Papa, the earth goddess—because they forced him to live in darkness. He then asked his mother to marry him, but when Papa explained that this could not be, Tane shaped a woman from mud and mated with her.
The result of this union was a beautiful child—Hine-titama.
Let me stay in the world of darkness, and drag our offspring down. Their ritual practices and mythology develop independently but retain parallels across this vast region.
Some Maori convert to Christianity. The trees, plants, and creatures of the forest were believed by the Maori to be offspring of Tane, the forest god. Before felling a tree they therefore made an offering to the spirits. In an attempt to overturn the course of events and regain immortality on behalf of human beings, the trickster hero Maui raped Hine-nui-te-po as she slept, believing that after this act she would die, and that death would also cease to exist.
But Hine-nuite-po awoke during the attack and squeezed Maui to death with her thighs, thereby ensuring that mortality would remain in the world forever. The land is alive with this power. The power of the Dreaming is eternal and ever-present. We can access that power and enter the eternal Now.
I n the Australian Aboriginal tradition, the time of the creation was once called the Dreamtime, but is now referred to as the Dreaming. This term better captures the crucial element of Aboriginal faith—that the creation is continuous and ongoing, existing in the real, eternal present, as opposed to the remote past.
It also accords with the Aboriginal belief that the Dreaming can be accessed through acts of ritual, song, dance, and storytelling, and through physical things such as sacred objects, or paintings on sand, rock, bark, the human body, and even canvas. Finally they transform themselves into features of the environment including stars, rocks, watering holes, and trees. Aboriginal tradition tells how these beings awake in a primal world that is still malleable and in a state of becoming.
They journey across the land, leaving sacred paths known as Songlines, or Dreaming tracks, in their wake. Gagudju elder Big Bill Neidjie Dreamings are thus intimately tied to natural features such as hills, rocks, and creeks, as well as the Songlines themselves.
This sacred topography converges on Uluru, a sandstone rock formation in the Northern Territory, the center from which all the Songlines are said to radiate. Uluru is venerated as a great storehouse of djang, the navel of the living body of Australia. Aborigines consider the land to be both their inheritance and responsibility, and so they nurture it, and the Dreamings accordingly.
While they may be mortal, the djang of their ancestral beings lives forever, and is forever in the now. To the west lived the Windulka, or mulgaseed men, who invited the Kunia to a ceremony.
The Kunia men set out, but, after stopping at the Uluru waterhole, they met some Metalungana, or sleepy-lizard women, and forgot about the invitation.
The Kunia men told the bird they could no longer attend since they had just gotten married. Affronted, the Windulka asked their friends the Liru, the poisonous-snake people, to attack the Kunia. During a furious battle, the Liru overcame the Kunia, who surrounded their dying leader, Ungata, and sang themselves to death.
During the battle, Uluru was formed. The spirits of the ancestors are enshrined in the land. If we do this, the land will feed us and the ancestors will guide us. Both the ancestors and the land must be fed with blood and fat.
T he religion of the Andean highlands can be said to be, in essence, a cult of the dead. This tradition of reverence for the ancestors stretches back to long before the short-lived empire of the Incas—the culture for which the region is best known—and has lasted to the present day.
Just one of many Quechuaspeaking Andean peoples, the Incas rose to dominate much of modern-day Peru, Ecuador, and Chile, and parts of Bolivia and Argentina in the 13th century. As they extended their empire, they imposed a culture that in many ways resembled that of the Aztecs of Mesoamerica pp. It revolved around worship of their own supreme deity, the sun god. However, beyond the Inca capital of Cuzco, with its priests, rituals, and golden artifacts, the common people, whom the Incas called the Hatun Runa, persisted with a cult of ancestor worship and earth worship that dated back to prehistoric times.
This survived the mighty Inca Empire when, in the 16th century, it was utterly destroyed by Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro. Within these groups, they worked the land, shared resources, and worshipped at their huacas, or animistic earth shrines.
The focus of worship was to pray to the earth to feed them—vital assistance in a mountainous region where farming was a harsh and laborious process. Running parallel to their entreaties to the earth was a belief that, just as the land had nurtured their ancestors, it would, with the intercession of those departed spirits, continue to nourish them. The bodies were wrapped in weavings and placed in rock mummy shrines chullpa machulas facing the mountaintop.
Meanwhile, priests or diviners at the huacas and grave shrines offered up coca leaves, blood, and fat, believing that if the spirits of the land and the ancestors were fed, they would in turn feed the people. An enduring power In the 17th century, Christian missionaries burned many Andean mummies to quash what they saw as pagan beliefs.
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The chullpa machulas, now just niches in the rocks, remain sacred shrines at which contemporary diviners still sprinkle blood and fat, believing this to infuse the sites with life and energy. Some groups, such as the Qollahuayos Indians see box, below may burn coca leaves there, wrapped in bundles of llama wool. The graves are believed to retain their power, even without the mummies that once occupied them. The Feast of the Dead, on A mountain and a god The dead visit us and assist us in our work.
They provide many blessings. The Kaata have a historic reputation as fortune-telling soothsayers; in the 15th century, Kaatan diviners carried the chair of the Inca emperor, an honored task.
The power of these Qollahuaya ritualists was thought to derive from the graves of their ancestors on Mount Kaata. November 2—marking the end of the dry season and the beginning of the rains, when crops can be planted—remains a focus of the Andean year, when the dead are ritually invited to revisit the living, and to take a share of the harvest.
The mountain is a living being that gives the Kaata both sustenance and guidance. Each tribe has its own language and culture. From s Chewong come under pressure to assimilate themselves into mainstream Malay society and convert to Islam; many choose to retain their traditional practices.
Beginnings in every culture from prehistory We know about the religions of the to the modern day—as evidenced A personal god earliest societies from the relics in the cave paintings and elaborate Religion met many of the needs they left behind and from the stories burial customs of our distant of early people and provided of later civilizations.
In addition, ancestors and the continuing templates by which they could isolated tribes in remote places, quest for a spiritual goal to life. Could religion therefore have remained largely unchanged powerful natural phenomena. These primal Weather and the seasons, creation, artifact?
Many would argue that religions often feature a belief in life, death and the afterlife, and the it is much more. And by deities and mythical creatures. Religion would of the gods.
From the especially in the 19th and 20th became increasingly sophisticated. There emerged had come before.This became an. Could religion therefore be explained as a purely social artifact? Ahimsa or nonviolence is the by Jainism. The open palm. After falling into a trance, he would speak in a voice that was not his own—most often in a deep, resonant bass, but sometimes in a shrill falsetto.
Zoroastrian community today. Modern alternative religions and spiritual beliefs from around the world are also explored, putting into context the political and social climates from which they emerged.